In 1917, the U.S. Congress enacted the first largely restrictive immigration law. Uncertainty about national security during World War I allowed Congress to pass this law, and it contained several important provisions that paved the way for the 1924 act. The 1917 law introduced a literacy test that would allow immigrants over the age of 16 to demonstrate a basic reading comprehension in each language. It also increased the tax paid by new immigrants upon arrival and allowed immigration officers more discretion in deciding who to exclude. Finally, the law excluded from entry any person born into a geographically defined “Asian no-go zone,” with the exception of Japanese and Filipinos. In 1907, the Japanese government had voluntarily restricted Japanese immigration to the United States in the Gentlemen`s Agreement. The Philippines was an American colony, so its citizens were U.S. citizens and could travel freely to the United States. China has not been included in the exclusion zone, but Chinese have already been denied immigrant visas under China`s exclusion law. The Potsdam Conference, which took place near Berlin from 17 July to 2 August 1945, was the last of the three major meetings of World War II. It was attended by the Prime Minister of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, the new US President Harry S.
Truman and british Prime Minister Winston Churchill (replaced on 28th July by his successor Clement Attlee). On the 26th. In July, the leaders issued a statement calling for japan`s “unconditional surrender” and concealing the fact that they had privately agreed to let Japan keep its emperor. Otherwise, the conference focused on post-war Europe. A Council of Foreign Ministers has been agreed, in which the big three, as well as China and France, are participating. The German military administration was established with an Allied Central Control Board (the requirement that membership decisions should be unanimous should subsequently prove criant). The leaders eventually reached various agreements on the German economy, with an emphasis on the development of agriculture and non-military industry. The institutions that had controlled the economy under the Nazis were to be decentralized, but all of Germany would be treated as one economic entity. War criminals would be brought to justice.
Stalin`s request to define the German-Polish border was postponed to the peace treaty, but the conference agreed to his transfer of land east of the Oder and Neisse from Germany to Poland. .